Explore the art of Quran recitation with Qurannama, an online platform that connects students with skilled teachers from Egypt. Through this opportunity, individuals can learn the 10 recognized methods of Qira’at, also known as the "readings" in Quran. To fully understand the significance of these 10 Qirat, it is important to note that each method is named after a renowned reciter of the Holy Quran. Enhance your understanding and skill in Quran recitation by joining Qurannama, to learn the 10 Qirat online.
How to learn ten qirat
The concept of Ten Qirats in the Quran refers to slight variations in pronunciation, letters, and Harakat. These differences are not like distinct voices or styles, but rather similar to variations between different copies of the Quran. To understand this concept, it is important to examine the historical context in which it emerged. During the time of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), many people were illiterate and spoke different dialects of Arabic based on their tribe. Similar to how English can vary between British and American dialects, these dialects of Arabic had slight differences in spelling and pronunciation, but the meaning remained unchanged.
Evolution of qirat
During the revelation of the Quran, the angel Gabriel (AS) came and recited the Quran to the Prophet of Allah who in turn recited it back to him in one dialect. The Prophet then requested the angel to increase the number of dialects and Gabriel did so until there were seven different dialects. These dialects were all the same in meaning but had variations in pronunciation.
According to Hadith, the Prophet (PBUH) was commanded by Allah to recite the Quran to his people in one dialect, but he stated that his people were not capable of this. Gabriel then increased the number of dialects until it reached seven. The Prophet (PBUH) stated that whichever dialect the people recited, they would be correct.
Types of qirat
Mutawatir: This type of transmission has multiple, independent sources of authority that make it highly unlikely for errors to occur. It is also widely accepted by the scholars of that time.
- Nafi’ (d. 169/785)
- Ibn Kathir (d. 120/737)
- Abu ‘Amr ibn al-‘Ala’ (d. 154/762)
- Ibn ‘Amir (d. 154/762)
- ‘Asim (d. 127/744)
While not as widely transmitted as Mutawatir, this type of transmission still has a significant number of sources and is highly unlikely to contain errors.
- Abu Ja’far (d. 130/747)
- Ya’qub (d. 205/820)
- Khalaf (d. 229/843)